Top left: City centre, Top right: Zafer Plaza AVM;
Middle left: Irgandı Bridge, Middle: Statue of Atatürk, Middle right: Bursa Clock Tower;
Bottom left: Bursa Botanical Park, Bottom right: City centre
|Settled||3rd century BC|
|• Mayor||Alinur Aktaş (AKP)|
|• City||1,036 km2 (400 sq mi)|
|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|• Density||1,508.52/km2 (3,907.0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|Area code(s)||(+90) 224|
|Official name||Bursa and Cumalıkızık: the Birth of the Ottoman Empire|
|Criteria||i, ii, iv, vi|
|Designated||2014 (38th session)|
|Region||Europe and Asia|
Bursa is a large city in Turkey, located in northwestern Anatolia, within the Marmara Region. The fourth most populous city in Turkey and second most populous in Marmara Region, Bursa functions as one of the industrial and trade centres of Turkey (especially in respect of the automotive industry). The city is also the capital of Bursa Province.
Bursa (Ottoman Turkish: بورسا) was the first major and second overall capital of the Ottoman State between 1335 and 1363. The city was referred to as Hüdavendigar (خداوندگار, from the Persian name translated as "God's gift") during the Ottoman period, while a more recent nickname is Yeşil Bursa ("Green Bursa") in reference to the parks and gardens located across its urban fabric, as well as to the vast and richly varied forests of the surrounding region. Mount Uludağ, the ancient Mysian Olympus, towers over it, and has a well-known ski resort. Bursa has rather orderly urban growth and borders a fertile plain. The mausoleums of the early Ottoman sultans are located in Bursa, and the city's main landmarks include numerous edifices built throughout the Ottoman period. Bursa also has thermal baths, old Ottoman mansions, palaces, and several museums.
The shadow-play characters Karagöz and Hacivat are based on historic personalities who lived and died in Bursa (in the 14th century). The city is also known for İskender kebap, pideli köfte, cantık, marron glacé and Bursa peaches. Bursa houses the Uludağ University, and its population can claim one of the highest overall levels of education in Turkey. The historic towns of İznik (Nicaea), Zeytinbağı (Tirilye) are near the centrum.